Kaag Tihar | Dhanwantari Jayanti | Dhanteras | Hamro Patro

ब्लग - साहित्य / नेपाली चाडपर्व तथा विशेष दिनहरु

Kaag Tihar | Dhanwantari Jayanti | Dhanteras

Another great and important festival celebrated by the followers of Vedic Sanatan Hindu religion is Tihar or Yamapanchak. The first important day of this festival is called Kaag Tihar, this day commences the five days of celebration.

The five-day Tihar festival celebrated from Kartik Krishna Triodashi to Kartik Shulka Dwitiya, begins with Kaag Tihar. Kaag Tihar falls on the day of Kartik Krishna Triodashi. Kaag means crow, in the Crow Festival, the crow is worshiped as the messenger of Yamaraj, also known as a god of death. On the day of the crow festival, it is customary to worship the crow with respect and give food. Nepali society perceives crow as a message-carrying creature, isn't it?

According to the scriptures, Yamaraj, the lord of hell and death, records the births and deaths of all living beings on earth, including humans. It is believed that the crow brings and take such details. Yamaraj had appointed Crow as his envoy as he would bring a quick message from the sky. But in the Crow Festival, the crow is worshiped forgetting all these negative beliefs.

In Kagtihar, crows are called to the yard and given home-made food. Today, Dhanvantari Day is also celebrated in the memory of Dhanvantari sage, the pioneer of Ayurveda, who originated the moment of Samundra Manthan on the day of Kagtihar. There is another religious belief that donating Yamadip today will free from Yamaraj's torture. There is a religious ritual to face south when donating Yamadip.

Yama, the god of death, had not seen his sister Yamuna for a long time. Yamuna was very eager to meet her brother and invited him to visit her through various means. There is a story that she met a crow and a dog, a cow, and finally her brother Yama. After meeting her brother, she worshiped him with Tika and flowers and put a colorful Tika on his forehead.

She draws a line around her brother with mustard oil and put a garland of velvet flowers and dubo on it. In the same order, on the fifth day of Yamapanchaka, the festival ends.

In the hilly districts of far western Nepal, the Crow Festival is celebrated in a slightly different way. In the local language of the far west, this festival called Narahari is celebrated as Maghe Sankranti i.e. Puse Tihar, it is customary to feed the crows selroti and other sweets during this day. Every year in mid-December, the first selroti is given to the crow.

On the other hand, now the enthusiastic people in the village have started preparing for the festival of Deunsi or Bhailo, where to play, who to play and what songs or dances to perform,etc. Good luck to all. Bring good news, best wishes.

Dhanwantari Jayanti

Today is the birth anniversary of Dhanwantari, the doctor of gods or Ayurveda. We have all heard about Ayurvedic medicines. Ayurvedic medicine is the oldest medical system in the world, but its effects have not diminished. This is the unique gift of Lord Dhanvantari to humanity, Ayurveda.

There is a religious statement that Lord Dhanvantari appeared with nectar, Sankh, Chakra, and herbs while churning the sea on this day i.e. on the Triodashi of Kartik Krishna Paksha. Ayurveda is made up of two words "Ayu and Veda". Ayurveda means 'knowledge of age'. Everyone associated with Ayurveda medicine celebrates this day with special significance.


Another important festival of Nepalis, Tihar, which is coming soon after Bada Dashain, has come to everyone's doorstep. Yamapanchak has started from today. Every day of Yamapanchaka has its own religious beliefs. Today Dhan Triodashi i.e. Dhanteras. Today is especially good for Diwali shopping. There is a belief that if we worship Lakshmi with the materials we have bought today, Mother Lakshmi will be happy and make us rich.

If you are buying utensils on the occasion of Dhanteras, it is considered auspicious to buy any item of steel, copper, brass etc. Buying gold as much as possible will be extremely beneficial. Goods bought on the day of Dhanteras should be kept in the east-north direction (northeast corner) of the house.

It is not considered good to give the purchased goods as a gift to others. So keep it to yourself. By doing this, Kuberji will also be happy to be sitting in your house. Note that you should not buy any black item on Dhan Triodashi.Since the celebration of Lakshmi starts from today, it is considered important to worship Mother Lakshmi even today. Happy Dhanteras to all Nepalis.

Suyog Dhakal

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Hamro Patro - Connecting Nepali Communities
Hamro Patro is one of the first Nepali app to include Nepali Patro, launched in 2010. We started with a Nepali Calendar mobile app to help Nepalese living abroad stay in touch with Nepalese festivals and important dates in Nepali calendar year. Later on, to cater to the people who couldn’t type in Nepali using fonts like Preeti, Ganesh and even Nepali Unicode, we built nepali mobile keyboard called Hamro Nepali keyboard.