English Literacy Day | Hamro Patro

ब्लग - साहित्य / नेपाली चाडपर्व तथा महत्त्वपूर्ण दिनहरू

“Literacy teaching and learning in the COVID-19 crisis and beyond,” International Literacy Day 2020

The importance of written letters and numbers is so great and incomparable, the concept of a developed society is certainly not possible without introducing all human beings to these letters and numbers.

International Literacy Day 2020 focuses on “Literacy teaching and learning in the COVID-19 crisis and beyond,” especially on the role of educators and changing pedagogies. Now in this post COVID world under the new normal circumstances, schools and institutions are now inside homes, into the small screen of our devices, the entire teaching and learning fundaments are changed and so is the form of literacy and its dimensions.

 In the modern world, education and literacy are linked to basic human rights, but studies show that more than 770 million people around the world do not have basic literacy skills. It is easy to find some illiterate people of all ages living near us. It is a fundamental right of everyone to be able to read and write by recognizing common letters and numbers and general arithmetic. However, these things need to come out of the pages of paper and come true in real life.
According to the Global Literacy Monitoring Report, one in five men and two-thirds of women in the world are still illiterate, and many more have extremely low literacy skills. Many children still do not go to school and even those who do get it do not go to school every day. Countries including West and South Asia still have low literacy rates.

September 8, World Literacy Day. In 1965, UNESCO declared September 8 of each year as World Literacy Day. Schools, communities, and institutions around the world celebrate this day spontaneously in various ways to spread awareness for literacy.

 It is everyone's responsibility to make everyone literate. From Nepal's perspective, the digital age and its utilization for digital education and awareness for literacy is still inadequate. Hand-held mobiles and home-based internet should not be just a waste of time to communicate and spend time without education and literacy.

In Nepal, it is important to give continuity to programs including early education because education is important for everyone, be it children or the elderly. From kharipati and dhulopati to carving letters, from blackboard and slate, from reading Ka, Kha alphabets on the chart hanging on the wall to the generation knowing the letters from the computer screen, Nepali society has witnessed a lot of transformation on its education system.

How can we make everyone literate is the question for today, whether it is by reading alphabet books or by giving them free daily reading or by creating a reading environment to take them to school, it is the responsibility of everyone to make a literate society, literate nation, and a literate world. ‘Siksha Dhan Sarvapradhanam’ ‘शिक्षा धनं सर्वप्रधानम"
Meaning: Education is the supreme wealth.

World Physical Therapy Day

People's primary ability and identity is based on an important skill. That is efficiency, human mobility. Mobility is what drives people from here to there, gives them dreams and information, establishes relationships between people, and makes people social, doesn't it?

Various muscular problems, bone problems, and stiffness can distract a person from this skill and practice of mobility, maintaining the same mobility requires the skill and study of physiotherapists. With this need in mind, World Physiotherapy Day is celebrated on September 8 every year with various programs.

World Physical Therapy Day is on 8th September every year. The day is an opportunity for physiotherapists from all over the world to raise awareness about the crucial contribution the profession makes to keeping people well, mobile and independent.

 In 1813, Swiss gymnast Henrik Ligan opened the Royal Institute of Gymnastics. The organization was the first in the world to introduce massages, remedial exercises, and other exercises for mobility and pain relief.

 The Chartered Society of Physiotherapy was opened in Britain in 1894, and the first college of physiotherapy was at Walter Reed Army Hospital in Washington, DC. A physiotherapy branch was started in this hospital during the First World War.

History of physiotherapy in Nepal

In Nepal, the history of physiotherapy can be traced back to a few decades ago when some private hospitals formally started this as a new medical system. In the 1980s, physiotherapy was practiced through military hospitals, leprosy prevention therapies, and some trained health workers from India. In 1983, the IOM formally recognized physiotherapy as a 30-month post-SLC course.

 In this process, we have a history of about 50 people being trained till 1990, but again in 1990, physiotherapy teaching was stopped in Nepal. However, there were various informal trainings and on-the-job trainings. Since 2002, Dhulikhel Medical Institute has formally started physiotherapy. Since then, the number of courses and service providers has been increasing in Nepal.

 After the armed conflict, after 2063 BS, physiotherapy was used extensively in military camps and hospitals for the rehabilitation and recuperation of wounded and injured soldiers. NEPTA is a professional association of Nepali physiotherapists. Physiotherapy is the backbone of treatment in itself, and today back and neck pain has become the most common and recurring pain due to a more hectic lifestyle and constant use of computers and mobiles, isn't it?

 Physiotherapy is essential in various procedures including amputation and after an accidental injury. We also want to combine yoga practice with physiotherapy here. Ayurveda has given equal priority to Aahar and Bihar. Yoga practices are the basis of sophisticated physiotherapy, Patanjali and Dhanwantari's books and studies discuss yogasanas to stay healthy.

 Mobility is life, take care of health Congratulations to all the physiotherapists and clients!

Sasthi Shradhaa

Stretching from Purnima to Amavasya of Bhadrapada, this Pitri Paksha has its peculiar importance. Nepal's most downloaded mobile application "Hamro Patro" redefines you and simplifies the cultural, scientific, and social importance of every event and on this convoy, let me elaborate this Sasthi Shradhha or Chath for you.

Shashti is the sixth day of the lunar month. Shashti Shradh which is also known as Chhath Shradh is the day that is highly considered to perform Shradh of those who passed away on the Shashti tithi of any month.

During these 16 days of Tithis, Hindu Sanatana followers perform the Shradhaa karma of their ancestors on the respective Tithis of their demise, irrespective of the month or Sukla or Krishna Paksha. This day is important for performing Shradhha or Tarpan of the ancestors who died on this Tithi. Blessings of ancestors who visit their descendants during this period of Sora Shradhaa is highly anticipated and acknowledged. This year came with COVID adversities, circumstances are unusual but strong hope of returning to normal is further strengthened.

Meaningful wishes

Suyog Dhakal

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Hamro Patro - Connecting Nepali Communities
Hamro Patro is one of the first Nepali app to include Nepali Patro, launched in 2010. We started with a Nepali Calendar mobile app to help Nepalese living abroad stay in touch with Nepalese festivals and important dates in Nepali calendar year. Later on, to cater to the people who couldn’t type in Nepali using fonts like Preeti, Ganesh and even Nepali Unicode, we built nepali mobile keyboard called Hamro Nepali keyboard.